Alberta leads the way in population growth over the past decade
Statistics Canada counted exactly 35,151,728 people living in the country (as of May 10, 2016), an increase of 1.7 million (about 5%) from the previous census taken in 2011. About one-third came from natural increases (births minus deaths) and the remaining two-thirds through immigration.
StatsCan says the country's population has slowly been shifting west over the past century. Population growth in Atlantic Canada has slowed considerably while Prairies provinces grew the fastest between 2011 to 2016.
Alberta's population expanded 11.6%, more than double the national average. The fastest growing cities are Calgary (+14.6%), Edmonton (+13.9%), Saskatoon (+12.5%), Regina (+11.8%) and Lethbridge (10.8%). BC, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba now account for 31.6% of the country's population, the largest proportion in history.
Some other interesting statistics from the latest census survey:
- Canada's population growth leads all G7 nations and is the eight highest among the G20.
- Ontario and Quebec accounts for 61.5% of the population.
- Two out of three Canadians live within 100 km of the US border, mostly in the metro Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver areas.
- The only Canadian city to record a decrease was Saint John, NB, down 2.2%.
STATISTICS CANADA KEY RESULTS FROM THE 2016 CENSUS